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Информация

Родился: 14 апреля 1923 г., New York
Умер: 14 сентября 1985 г.

Биография

John Holt was born in New York City, the oldest of three children. He was raised in the New England region of the United States, and was educated at the Institut Le Rosey in Switzerland and the Phillips Academy in Massachusetts.[1] After graduating from Yale University, Holt joined the United States Navy and served on board the USS Barbero, a submarine that fought in the Pacific Ocean. During the war, he concluded that nuclear weapons were the world's greatest danger, and only a world government could prevent nuclear war. After his three-year tour of duty in the Navy, he got a job with the New York branch of UWF, the United World Federalists (since renamed the World Federalist Movement).…

Изображения автора

Библиография

How Children Fail (1964; revised 1982)
How Children Learn (1967; revised 1983)
The Underachieving School (1969)
What Do I Do Monday? (1970)
Freedom and Beyond (1972)
Escape From Childhood (1974)
Instead of Education (1976)
Never Too Late (1979)
Teach Your Own (1981; revised 2003 by Pat Farenga)
Learning All the Time (1989)
A Life Worth Living (1990)

Интересные факты

Holt became disillusioned with the school system after several years of working within it; he became convinced that reform of the school system was impossible because it was fundamentally flawed, and began to advocate homeschooling. He believed that "children who were provided with a rich and stimulating learning environment would learn what they are ready to learn, when they are ready to learn it".[6] Holt believed that children did not need to be coerced into learning; they would do so naturally if given the freedom to follow their own interests and a rich assortment of resources. This line of thought came to be called unschooling.

Holt's Growing Without Schooling (GWS), founded in 1977,…

Рецензии

Оценка anna_cornelia:  5  

Джон Холт - основоположник хоумскулинга в США. Всего он написал 10 книг, и "Learning all the time" - последняя книга, в которой его педагогические идеи и опыт достигли своего апогея, а Холт в своем мировоззрении максимально приблизился к анскулингу.

По Холту анскулинг (правда, в книге он его так не называет, потому как пишет в основном про дошкольников, для которых еще не так актуальна принадлежность к конфессии школе) - это ненавязчивое обучение ребенка через следование за его интересами и потребностями в познании мира. То есть ребенка мы должны учить только тогда, когда он сам об этом попросит, только тому, к чему он проявляет интерес и о чем нас спрашивает, только очень в небольшой степени вмешиваясь в его личный исследовательско-познавательный процесс и не перекармливая нашими… Развернуть 

Цитаты

Once in an early elementary classroom, I needed something in my desk,
and asked a child if he would get it for me. He said OK and asked where
it was. I said, "In the top right-hand drawer." There was a pause. Then he
said. "Whose right hand, mine or the desk's?"
For a second, I was baffled. What on earth could he mean? Then I saw
and understood. When he looked at the desk it was as if he saw a living
creature facing him. So I said. "Your right hand." Off he went, brought
back what I had asked for, and that was that.
Later it occurred to me that many young children must be animists, and
see objects as if they were living creatures I wondered how many of them
might have had that same question in their minds, without ever getting
arond to asking it.

Теги: Learning, Right, Left

We are fooling ourselves if we think that by being nice about it we can prevent corrections from sounding like reproofs. Its is only in exceptional circumstances and with the greatest tact that you can correct an adult without to some degree hurting his or her feelings. How can we suppose that children, whose sense of identity or ego or self-esteem is so much weaker, can accept correction equably? I would say that in 99% any child will take correction as a kind of reproof, and this no matter how enthusiastic, pleasant, relaxed, or stimulating we may happen to be.

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